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Patricia Highsmith (January 19, 1921 – February 4, 1995) was an American writer known for novels and short stories best described as psychological thrillers with elements of crime. Born Mary Patricia Plangman in Fort Worth Texas, her parents divorced just days before her birth. She acquired the name Highsmith when her mother remarried a few years later.
By age eight she was reading studies of mental illness and, finding them fascinating. Evidently, she tucked away what she learned for later use in her writing.
Highsmith received her education from Barnard College in New York City, where she majored in English, focusing on playwriting and composition. For some years after graduating, she worked as a scriptwriter for coming books, first as a job, then freelance, which left her enough time to work on her personal writing.
Strangers on a Train
She burst on the scene with a bang when her first novel, Strangers on a Train, was published in 1950, followed just a year later by the 1951 film version directed by Alfred Hitchcock. With that, her reputation was secured. Her prolific output was dominated by thrillers that didn’t shy away from the dark places of the human psyche.
Sociopaths, murderers, and Ripley
Sociopaths and murderers populate Highsmith’s most enduring works, which, in addition to the aforementioned Strangers on a Train, include the “Ripliad” — five novels featuring Tom Ripley, starting with The Talented Mr. Ripley. Several film adaptations emerged from that series, the most successful of which was the 1999 film of the same name starring Matt Damon and Jude Law. Fascinated by the criminal mind, she specialized in creating morally corrupt characters who often managed to escape punishment. “Is there anything more artificial and boring than justice?” she pondered.
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Highsmith was bisexual; her relationships with both men and women never lasted more than a few years. She was an alcoholic, sometimes cruel to her intimates, though plenty of people found her engaging and fascinating. Often described as a misanthrope who preferred animals to people, she was known to say, “My imagination functions much better when I don’t have to speak to people.”
The Price of Salt
Early in her career, Highsmith took a hiatus from criminals and murderers to write The Price of Salt (1952) under the pseudonym Claire Morgan. It was first time a published book about a lesbian love affair didn’t end in tragedy — quite a breakthrough for its time. The book sold nearly a million copies. Many decades after its publication, the novel has been adapted for the screen (the 2015 film version is titled Carol), and stars Rooney Mara and Cate Blanchett.
Highsmith lived her later years in France and Switzerland. She died at age 74 in Switzerland.
More about Patricia Highsmith on this site
Major Works (fiction)
- Strangers on a Train (1950)
- The Price of Salt (Claire Morgan, pseudonym, 1952)
- The Blunderer (1954)
- Deep Water (1957)
- A Game for the Living (1958)
- This Sweet Sickness (1960)
- The Cry of the Owl (1962)
- The Two Faces of January (1964)
- The Glass Cell (1964)
- A Suspension of Mercy (1965)
- Those Who Walk Away (1967)
- The Tremor of Forgery (1969)
- A Dog’s Ransom (1972)
- Little Tales of Misogyny (1974)
- Edith’s Diary (1977)
- The Black House (1981)
- Mermaids on the Golf Course (1985)
- Small g: a Summer Idyll (1995)
The Ripley Novels (known as “The Ripliad”)
- The Talented Mr. Ripley (1955)
- Ripley Under Ground (1970)
- Ripley’s Game (1974)
- The Boy Who Followed Ripley (1980)
- Ripley Under Water (1991)
More about Patricia Highsmith
- Beautiful Shadow: A Life of Patricia Highsmith by Andrew Wilson
- The Talented Miss Highsmith by Joan Schenkar
- Highsmith: A Romance of the 1950s by Marijane Meaker
News, Articles, etc.
- The Haunts of Miss Highsmith
- My Hero: Patricia Highsmith
- Joan Schenkar on Patricia Highsmith (The New Yorker)
- NYFF Review: Carol
Selected Film and Television adaptations
More than two dozen film adaptations have been made of Highsmith’s works. Here are a few of the best known:
- Strangers on a Train (1951)
- The Talented Mr. Ripley (1999)
- Ripley’s Game (2003)
- Carol (adaptation of The Price of Salt, 2015)
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