Laura Ingalls Wilder, Author of The Little House Series

Laura ingalls wilder

Laura Ingalls Wilder (February 7, 1867 – February 10, 1957) gained renown for her autobiographical writings reflecting her life as an American pioneer. Her Little House series of books have been beloved by generations of young readers.

Born in a log cabin on the edge of an area called “Big Woods” in Pepin, Wisconsin, her life was the inspiration for her novels and richly informed her memoirs.

The Ingalls family traveled by covered wagon through Kansas and Minnesota with all that they owned, until finally settling in De Smet, Dakota Territory. The family loved the open spaces of the prairie, where they farmed and raised animals.

The Ingalls moved around quite a bit, and though it wasn’t an easy life, it gave Laura a rich trove of memories and experiences to draw upon when she began writing. It may be comforting to aspiring writers of all ages that her first book wasn’t published until she was sixty-five!


Laura and Almanzo: Another long journey

Though Laura wasn’t conventionally educated, she managed to get her teaching certificate at the age of fifteen. Three years later, she married Almanzo Wilder, and helped her husband work the farm that they lived on.

In 1894, The couple and their seven-year-old daughter, Rose, made the journey from their drought-stricken farm in De Smet to a new farm in Mansfield, Missouri, where they settled permanently. She told of this journey in diary entries that were later published in On the Way Home.

The early years of Laura and Almanzo’s marriage are described in this excellent post, In Search of Laura, by Pamela Hill Smith:

“Laura and Almanzo’s first nine years of marriage were marred by economic hardship and personal loss. Both had diphtheria and Almanzo suffered a subsequent stroke, which left him permanently disabled.

As Rose later wrote, her father ‘limped through the rest of his ninety years and was never as strong as he had been.’ 

Laura and Almanzo’s second child—a son—died just a month after his birth in the summer of 1889, and a series of drought, fire, and financial crises forced the couple to move east to Minnesota, south to Florida, back to South Dakota, and ultimately to Mansfield, Missouri, in 1894.

They bought a piece of land, planted over 400 apple trees, and christened their new home Rocky Ridge Farm.’The couple lived out the rest of their lives there.”

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Laura Ingalls Wilder young

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A brief glimpse of the real Laura 

Prairie Fires: The American Dreams of Laura Ingalls Wilder, the Pulitzer Prize-winning biography by Caroline Fraser, opens with a compelling portrait of Laura in adulthood. Here she is, portrayed at age fifty-seven, shortly after her mother’s death:

“At fifty seven, Wilder was still far from becoming the emblematic figure of pioneer history. The woman whose life would become synonymous with the settlement of the West had spent most of her adult life living in the American South.

She was not yet famous, had not yet written a book; the only writing she had published was her farm paper column. Anxious, she suffered from nerves and had a recurrent nightmare of walking down a “long, dark road” into obscure woods, the path of poverty.

… She had a sharp temper and a dry humor … Judgmental of others, she could be humble, even self-excoriating. She was parsimonious to a fault, but when she went into town she dressed elegantly in full skirts, lace collars, and hats garlanded with feathers or flowers. She favored long, dangling earrings, fastening her blouses with a cameo brooch. She loved velvet.

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Laura Ingalls Wilder - A Writer's life

7 Biographies of Laura Ingalls Wilder

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She was not an intellectual, but she had an intellect. She had never graduated from high school, but had studied with passion and vigor the Independent Fifth Reader.

She knew a song for every occasion and passages of Shakespeare, Longfellow, Tennyson, Scott, Swinburne, and the Brownings. Books took pride of place in her living room, on custom-built shelves beside a stone hearth. 

As her fifties drew to a close, she stood at a turning point. The first act of her life was long over. Her childhood had been packed with incident: Indian encounters, prairie fires, blizzards, a virtual compendium of American frontier life … She married at eighteen and was a mother a year later.

By age of twenty-one, she know that everything she had ever had, no matter how hard-won, held the capacity to be lost. After a series of disasters, she and her husband left the Dakotas to rebuild seven hundred miles south, a long climb out of poverty constituting her life’s second act.” 

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Laura and Almanzo Wilder

Laura and Almanzo at about the time they married

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The Little House series of books

Drought, crop failure, and Almanzo’s illness put the Wilders in a precarious position. Finally, in the 1920s, Laura got encouragement from her daughter Rose as well as the time that she needed to start writing.

The first of the autobiographical Little House books, Little House in the Big Woods, was published in 1931; Laura was well into her sixties at the time. The best known volume of the series, Little House on the Prairie, was published soon after.

The family depicted in the stories was an idealized version of the one she grew up in. The Little House books tell of a family, not unlike her own, pioneering the Great Plains in the mid-1800s.

Life was simple but good, yet of course, had its challenges. Little House in the Big Woods begins when the eponymous Laura is five years old; the family is headed by Ma and Pa, and rounded out by two sisters, Mary and Carrie.

The series continues with By the Shores of Silver Lake and The Long Winter. In Little House on the Prairie, perhaps the best known in the series, Laura comes of age and becomes a teacher. Next comes These Happy Golden Years, in which Laura marries Almanzo and they move to their own home. 

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Little Town on the Prairie

Photo by Anna Fiore
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Laura Ingalls Wilder’s tales immediately appealed to readers of all ages — nine in the Little House series in all. The books were an immediate critical and popular success, winning numerous awards and making their way into the hearts of generations of readers with their message of endurance, simple living, and love of family.

Though presented as fiction, the author insisted, “I lived everything I wrote.”


Belated controversy

Accusations of racial insensitivity have been leveled at the Little House books and their author. In an article in Smithsonian magazine timed for Laura’s 150th birthday — “Little House on the Prairie was Built on Native American Land” —it’s suggested that “It’s time to take a critical look at her work.”

Many readers are unhappy about this, suggesting that she was merely “a woman of her time.” But the article argues:

“Portrayals of Native American characters in this book and throughout this series have led to some calls for the series to not be taught in schools.

In the late 1990s, for instance, scholar Waziyatawin Angela Cavender Wilson approached the Yellow Medicine East school district after her daughter came home crying because of a line in the book, first attributed to Gen. Phil Sheridan, but a common saying by the time: ‘The only good Indian is a dead Indian.’ Her story gained national attention.”

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Laura Ingalls Wilder

Comforting Quotes by Laura Ingalls Wilder
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The legacy of Laura Ingalls Wilder

Laura Ingalls Wilder enjoyed a 64-year marriage with her husband Almanzo. Rose, their only daughter, was said to have played a fairly substantial role in making Laura’s books the eminently readable works of children’s literature that they became. Some have been less kind about Rose’s role in her mother’s writing career, and there have been numerous controversies around this issue.

The Wilder family, who had lost nearly everything in the early years of the Depression, became very wealthy indeed upon the publication of the Little House books. But in the end what matters is how beloved these books have been for generations of readers.

A summing up of her legacy, from Becoming Laura Ingalls Wilder: The Woman Behind the Legend by John E. Miller:

“With the publication of These Happy Golden Years, Laura’s writing career was finished. She had been working on the series for thirteen years. Now she was seventy-six and ready to retire.

The accolades continued to roll in. Although she always modestly told people that her only desire in beginning to write her autobiographical books had been to retell some of the stories she had heard her father relate when she was a little girl, her motives in fact had been more complicated. 

Always ambitious and possessing a sense of being somewhat elevated from her peers, Laura had carved out a modest writing career for herself in farm newspapers for a decade and a half before turning to children’s fiction.

She had informed Rose that her goal was prestige more than money, but no doubt both figured in disciplining herself to sit down and conceptualize her books, outline them and write them, revise them and recopy them once or twice, before finally turning them over to Rose for further editing and collaborative rewriting.”

Laura’s beloved husband Almanzo died in 1949 at the age of 92. She lived for several more years and died in 1957 on her farm in Mansfield, Missouri at the age of 90.

More about Laura Ingalls Wilder

On this site

Major Works

Autobiographies and Biographies about Laura Ingalls Wilder

  • Becoming Laura Ingalls Wilder: The Woman Behind the Legend by John E. Miller
  • Laura Ingalls Wilder: A Biography by William Anderson
  • Laura Ingalls Wilder: A Writer’s Life by Pamela Smith Hill
  • Pioneer Girl: The Annotated Autobiography 
  • Prairie Fires: The American Dreams of Laura Ingalls Wilder by Caroline Fraser
  • On the Way Home: The Diary of a Trip from South Dakota by Laura Ingalls Wilder
  • West from Home: Letters of Laura Ingalls Wilder, San Francisco, 1915

More Information

Selected film adaptations of Laura Ingalls Wilder’s books

  • Little House on the Prairie Complete Series (1974 – 82)
  • Little House on the Prairie (2005)

Visit Laura Ingalls Wilder’s homes and museums

5 Responses to “Laura Ingalls Wilder, Author of The Little House Series”

  1. Why not just have a Committee of the Offended preview all manuscripts and onloy print the two words they can agree upon. Even posing the cancel question is an affront.

  2. Cancelling authors is ridiculous. It doesn’t cancel racism – use this as a starting point to TEACH your children about it!

  3. These witch hunts are getting ridiculous. I’m 60, so I read the Little House books series as a young girl and I loved them. I also loved the show with Michael Landon as “Pa”. I’m one-eighth Cherokee. What happened to some of my ancestors is horrible, but horrible things have happened to all groups of people at some point. North and South American Indians owned slaves, fought bloody wars, raped women and the land, performed human sacrifice, infanticide, and I could go on and on. Their cultures have been a mix of good and bad, just like any other. Doesn’t it make more sense to read these books in context rather than “cancelling” them? We are citizens of our times like everyone else has been.

  4. I just discovered Laura Ingalls Wilder this past year after a good friend of mine urged me to look at Pioneer Girl. I was reading Prairie Fires at the time because I wanted to read a biography that dealt with a famous figure as a myth. And I totally fell in love! I’ve gone through the whole Little House series and have learned so much about fiction writing and now believe I can write a novel too. Thank you for posting about her on her birthday.

    • It’s always nice to see your name pop up here, Susan! And it’s cool that your avatar is LMA (mine is Charlotte Brontë, when it shows up). I love literary biographies, too. Currently I’m reading A Surprised Queenhood in the New Black Sun, about the amazing and currently under-appreciated poet, Gwendolyn Brooks.

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