Sylvia Plath

sylvia plath

Sylvia Plath (October 27, 1932 – February 11, 1963) was a gifted writer of poetry and fiction whose life ended all too soon. Triggered by the death of her father when she was eight years old, a deep-rooted depression took root and led to a life of struggle. She made no pretense about the degree of her pain in her writings. Plath’s poetry is part of the “confessional movement,” frank and revelatory about her personal life and innermost thoughts.

Plath went to Smith College on a Fulbright scholarship. While there, she met and married the British poet Ted Hughes. The success of her poetry was rapid and impressive. She published The Colossus in 1960. The poetry in this collection was intense, personal, and delicately crafted. Ariel, another of her best-known collections, was published posthumously in 1965. Though the beauty of craft remains, it reveals more of the fissures and anguish growing in the poet’s psyche, and becomes more confessional. 

As her depression deepened, her family and success weren’t enough to keep her from taking her own life. She was only thirty, with two small children. After her death, more of her work was released, and continues to be widely studied writings. Colossus was the only work published during her life, and her Collected Poems, edited and published by her husband Ted Hughes after her death, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1982.

The Bell Jar was published in England just after her suicide in 1963 under a pseudonym, Victoria Lucas. It was published in the U.S. under her real name in 1971. Her only novel, it is painfully autobiographical, revealing in detail the author’s struggles with mental illness.

The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath

Aside from her poetry, Sylvia Plath is known for
her autobiographical novel, The Bell Jar

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